Data Blitz 1

  • 11:30 am To 1:00 pm on July 20, 2019
  • Gallery Room 1 Bramber House

A touch that feels blue: Depression and touch in romantic relationships

Depression is frequent and has tremendous negative societal impact. Research indicates that touch in close relationships is associated with greater well-being, including less depression. However, no study has investigated how depression affect touch in adults.Anxiously attached compulsively seek for closeness, whereas avoidantly attached fear intimacy. We posit that depression is associated with more touch in anxiously attached, while being associated with less touch in avoidantly attached people.We will recruit 300 adults. A sub-sample will have their partner included in the study, allowing to test for dyadic associations. The results will inform potential application of touch in couple therapy.

Belief in social mobility ameliorates the impact of relative deprivation on hostility

Previous research showed that experiencing personal relative deprivation increases hostility. The present two studies examined the moderating effect of social mobility beliefs in an organizational context. Study 1 shows that relative position at work negatively predicts hostility towards the current employer, but only when the employment environment is perceived as immobile. Study 2 further finds that relative workplace position and organizational mobility interact in predicting dissatisfaction with one's position, which is strongly associated with workplace deviance. It thus appears that having a mobile organizational environment has valuable effects for job satisfaction levels and thereby decreases deviant behavior at work.

Facing dilemmas and dealing with them in marital relationships in later life, when a spouse has a mental health problem

The research question in this paper is to find out what the core issue is when facing dilemmas and dealing with them in marital relationships. In earlier times there were external standards in the relationships. but now gender roles are being polarised. Also, people’s expectations of the marital relationships are being changed. (Beck & Beck-Gernsheim 1995, 48 – 50, 88 - 90).I used narrative approach (Riessman 2008). I interviewed nine Finnish informants, aged 60 to 80 years. I found out common dilemmas, experiences and ways to deal with and arguing solutions they were given to them.References• Beck, Ulrich & Beck-Gernsheim, Elisabeth (1995) The Normal Chaos of Love. Polity Press. • Riessman, Catherine K. (2008) Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences. London: Sage.

How do patients and nurses face pain during haemodialysis? Results of a qualitative study on dyads

For patients with end-stage renal disease, haemodialysis is a long-lasting and occasionally painful treatment. Nurses are a key professional in frequent contact with the patients. This qualitative study aimed to investigate patient-nurse interactions during a pain event occurring during a dialysis session. Five patients and their nurse were interviewed regarding one pain event. Results showed the specificities of pain in the context of this disease and the importance of a trusting relationship between patients and nurses, as well as its repercussions. These results suggest perspectives for interventions to help patients and nurses improve their communication in the management of pain.

LIVIA-FR: An online unguided self-help intervention for people struggling with interpersonal loss

Losing a close person is a stressful event associated with poor psychological and physical health outcomes. Some people show major difficulties in coping with this event that can lead to mental disorders as complicated grief. Online therapies appear as similarly effective to face-to-face therapies for a variety of disorders, including complicated grief. We proposed an unguided online intervention to people coming from the French part of Switzerland. We assessed its effectiveness through a pre-post evaluation protocol. Results on 20 people will be presented and discussed. We will conclude with some insights about ways to improve the effectiveness of unguided interventions.

Materialism, Wife’s relative earnings, and Marital Satisfaction among Korean Married Couples

This study aimed to examine how the interactions between spouses’ materialism and wives’ relative earnings predict spouses’ marital satisfaction. I investigated the possibility of a curvilinear relation between wife’s relative earnings and marital satisfaction among 301 South Korean married couples. Wives’ relative earnings was not associated spouses’ marital satisfaction. Wives’ materialism was negatively associated with spouses’ marital satisfaction. I only found a three-way curvilinear interaction effect among wives’ relative earnings square and spouses’ materialism on wives’ marital satisfaction. I found an inverted U-shaped wife’s marital satisfaction for less materialistic wives who were married to highly materialistic husbands.

Ready for relationship commitment? Own vs. network perceptions of readiness and future commitment level

Singles who report higher commitment readiness are more interested in developing a relationship, more actively pursue initiation, are more likely to enter a relationship, and (should they begin a relationship) are more committed to that involvement. Past research has demonstrated that people’s social networks possess diagnostic perceptions regarding relationships. With data from a 7-month study of initially single individuals, we examined how readiness is associated with relationship formation and commitment, considering own and peer-perceptions of readiness. Peer-perceived readiness was a unique predictor of later commitment, beyond self-reported readiness, suggesting that peers hold prognostic insight regarding readiness for commitment.

Relationship satisfaction moderates the role of chronic illness in psychological well-being of older workers

The current study investigates the moderating role of relationship satisfaction with family members on the effect of chronic illness and work status and psychological well-being of the elderly. Specifically, it was hypothesized that chronic illness mediates the relationship between work status and psychological well-being of Singaporeans aged 60 and older, such that older working adults experience higher psychological well-being as a result of a reduction in chronic illness. Additionally, we investigated the moderating role of relationship satisfaction in the link between work status and chronic illness, as well as in the link between work status and psychological well-being. Two hundred thirty-four older Singaporeans aged 60-96 years (N = 125 working and 109 non-working) completed a survey, whose results indicated that older workers experience greater psychological well-being compared to non-workers, and older workers’ higher well-being was fully mediated by a lesser incidence of chronic illnesses. Satisfaction with family relationships moderated the links between work status and chronic illness, and between work status and psychological well-being. Our research emphasizes the importance for older workers of having a healthy lifestyle and positive family relationships, and of the buffering effect that family relationships can have for psychological health.

Stress and Marital Satisfaction in Indonesia Context: Moderating effect of Dyadic Coping

Modernization characterized by economic development, urbanization, and globalization are changing the structure of personal and family relationships in South East Asia, including Indonesia. These changes have been found to increase stress both at work and within family. This study examined the moderating effect of positive dyadic coping on the negative association between stress and marital satisfaction in Indonesian couples. Result of this project will be useful for (1) clinicians working with couples in Indonesia to help understand effect of positive dyadic coping, (2) relationship researchers interested in cross-cultural research on dyadic coping.

The Emotionality Effect: The Role of Parental Emotion Expression in Adult-Child Mental Health

The prevalence of mood disorders continues to rise; however, the role of stigma formation around mood disorders and how stigma is dictated by parental influence remains unclear. The current study examines emotionality stigma and emotional intelligence as mediators between parental emotion regulation and adult-child mental health outcomes. Specifically, we propose dysfunctional parental emotion regulation influences adult-children’s perception of stigma around emotionality leading to impaired mental health, whereas well-regulated parental emotionality correlates with adult-child emotional intelligence, leading to better mental health. To test these hypotheses, we collected data from 915 individuals. Analyses show support for our hypotheses and highlight gender difference.

The relationship between helicopter parenting and college students’ autonomy in Taiwan

The aim of this study was to examine the components of helicopter parenting and the relationship between helicopter parenting and college students’ autonomy. Participants were 353 college students who ranged in age from 18 to 26. Results showed that there were two components of helicopter parenting: over–protective and over-intervened parenting. There was no significant associating between helicopter parenting and students’ individuating autonomy. After controlling for students’ gender, age and birth order, over-protective parenting was predictive of relating autonomy positively, and over-intervened parenting was predictive of relating autonomy negatively. The results provide more insight into the complexity of helicopter parenting.

To Work or Not to Work: Impact of Work/Home Stigma & Balance on First-Time Parents' Relationships

A common question still asked of women (but not men) is whether they will continue to work after having children. Although empirical research has extensively examined the role of work-home conflict on relationship satisfaction, less studied is the perceived stigma surrounding a parent’s decision to return to work or stay-at-home. In a sample of 104 couples transitioning to parenthood, mothers reported significantly more work stigma than fathers. Work stigma and maternal relationship satisfaction was mediated by less perceived success in family life, whereas stay-at-home stigma and maternal relationship satisfaction was mediated by negative interactions with spouse.

Undoing the Psychological Harm of Partner Violence

Can women who recently have left a violent relationship benefit from a writing intervention? A new intervention aims to weaken bonds with a violent partner and reverse declines in self-esteem and self-efficacy that typically occur from prolonged partner violence. The intervention has been developed to accelerate recover from a violent relationship, but conceivably could be applied to other toxic relationships in family, peer, or work settings.

Using the integrative model of behavioral prediction to explore factors that influence self-harm

Our current field of investigation uses an integrated model of behavioral prediction (see Yzer, 2012) to explore factors related to self-harming behaviors in adolescents. Narratives (n = 37) from an online website of patient experiences – healthtalkonline.org (HTO) – of parents whose children self-harmed were analyzed. Results underline the value of applying key components of the integrative model of behavioral prediction as a means to extend and deepen understanding of self-injurious behaviors in adolescents and young adults. Practical outcomes of this work – in terms of decreasing self-harming behaviors – oriented toward parents, providers, and adolescents, will be discussed.

Worth a thousand interpersonal words: Emoji as affective signals for relationship-oriented digital communication

To connect with potential online partners, modern relationship-seekers must master faster and shorter communication of self-disclosure and affect. Although computer-mediated communication lacks crucial sensory information, emojis may provide assistance. In three studies, we assessed emoji use frequency, associations with relationally-advantageous traits, and whether emoji use relates to ‘courtship success’. Our findings show that emoji use is related to personality, emotional intelligence, and attachment style, and that emoji use with potential partners relates to maintaining connection beyond the first date, and with more romantic and sexual connections. Thus, emoji use may be associated with more successful intimate connection among online daters.