Individual Talks 3

  • 9:30 am To 11:00 am on July 20, 2019
  • Gallery Room 2 Bramber House

A conceptual framework of the working alliance in a human-supported psychological computerised intervention

The client-therapist alliance (therapeutic, working etc.) has been found to be a consistent predictor for positive outcomes in psychological therapies. However, very few studies have theoretically explored this concept in psychological digital interventions. The study aims to develop a conceptual framework of the working alliance in a blended human supported, computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (b-CBT) Intervention. 21 participants who received b-CBT for depression on the E-Compared trial, were invited to participate in qualitative interviews about their experience of the working alliance. A thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. The findings will be revealed and discussed.

Can more relationship choice make more and less lonely? A cultural-psychological analysis of relational mobility, relational stability, and loneliness in four European countries

This research distinguishes the novel cultural-psychological notion of relational stability (RS; cultural norms about maintaining established relationships) from relational mobility (RM; opportunities to individually establish new and choose relationships) to examine their relevance for experiences of loneliness. Despite juxtaposed implications for individual choice of relationships, both might protect from loneliness as higher RM might allow to select satisfying relationships whereas higher RS might offer more reliable and predictable relationships. Two cross-sectional survey studies in four European countries provided support for this line of thought. Furthermore, perceived relationship quality consistently explained negative associations of RM and RS with loneliness.

Hand-in-Hand in the Golden Years: Partner Instrumentality, Goal Alignment and the Influence of Romantic Relationships on Retirement Expectations and Experiences.

This research aimed to examine the influence romantic relationships can have on retirement expectations and experiences. In Study 1, pre-retirees believed their transition to retirement would be easier, and were more likely to involve their partners in retirement planning, when they had partners who were more instrumental to their lives. This was mediated by the extent to which they perceived that their partner’s post-retirement goals mirrored their own. In Study 2, looking at recent retirees, only post-retirement goal alignment predicted reported ease of retirement and well-being. Implications regarding the importance of goal alignment in relationships pre- and post-retirement are discussed.

Michelangelo Phenomenon: Partner Affirmation for Important Goals that Are Beneficial or Harmful for the Relationship

Important goal pursuits can positively or negatively impact romantic partners, and it is unclear how such goals influence the Michelangelo phenomenon, an interpersonal model of personal growth. The current research presents findings from a 10-day diary study, a 2-phase longitudinal study of job-seekers, and a study examining conversation about an important goal-pursuit to reveal that partners offer more support for beneficial rather than harmful goals, which also affects target goal motivation a day later, perceived progress 4-months later, and actual goal achievement 2 years later. Implications will be discussed.

Testing a Self-and-Social Bonds Model of Health for Individuals Recovering from Alcohol and Substance Use Concerns

The current research examined the role that self-esteem and social bonds play during recovery from alcohol and substance use concerns. We tested the self-and-social-bonds model of health (Stinson et al., 2008) in a sample of community adults attending a local addiction-recovery support program. Consistent with the model, self-esteem predicted both psychological and physical health, and this association was partly explained by feelings of belonging in the recovery program. Program-specific belonging also predicted reductions in alcohol and substance use. These findings underscore the generalizability and utility of this model for understanding health and well-being in applied settings such as recovery programs.

The Dynamics of Interpersonal Emotion Regulation: Determinants of Support Provision

A common way of regulating one’s emotions is through sharing one’s emotional experiences with others. In the current study, we examined the determinants of support provision by having 100 dyads engage in social sharing. Sharers discussed an upsetting situation, while listeners responded naturally. Afterwards, both individually watched the video-recorded interaction in fragments of 20 seconds, rating either their experienced emotional intensity and socio-affective and cognitive support needs (sharer), or their perception of the sharer’s emotional intensity, and their own support provision (listener) for each fragment. Both sharers’ support needs, as well as listeners’ accurate emotion perception predicted adequate support provision.