Individual Talks 5

  • 2:00 pm To 3:30 pm on July 20, 2019
  • Gallery Room 1 Bramber House

A Serial Mediation Model of Maintenance Behaviors on Marital Satisfaction: The Roles of Relational Equity and Appreciation

Using equity theory perspective, we examined the influence of self-reported use of maintenance behaviors on marital satisfaction through the mediator roles of relational equity and felt appreciation in a sample of married individuals. For this purpose, a structural model was tested through the use of Structural Equation Modeling (N = 602). Results indicated that individuals who engaged in more openness and positivity but less sharing tasks, reported to perceive more appreciation, higher perceptions of equity, and higher marital satisfaction. Practitioners could benefit from the findings to raise individuals’ awareness about how to keep their marriages in a satisfied state.

On the Practical Significance of Circumplexity: Interpersonal Traits as Predictors of Accommodation

In the present study (n = 103), when we measured nurturance and dominance as reflected in scores on eight lower-order traits (via the Interpersonal Adjective Scales-Revised [Wiggins, Trapnell, & Phillips, 1988]), we found the beta weight from nurturance to accommodation exceeded +.45 (although the beta weight from dominance to accommodation was nearly zero). Compared to previous research that essentially measured the positive ends of the nurturance and dominance axes (e.g., via the Bem Sex Role Inventory [Bem, 1974]; as utilized by Rusbult et al., 1991), we were able to boost practical significance for nurturance (but not dominance) in predicting accommodation.

Relationship Characteristics and Features of Interpersonal Episodes that Contribute to Relational Turbulence for Couples with Infertility: An Application of Relational Turbulence Theory

Couples struggling with infertility face a variety of personal and relational stressors. This study applied relational turbulence theory to identify relationship conditions that contribute to polarized communication behaviors between partners in this context, and how intense interpersonal episodes give rise to relational turbulence. Individuals who were struggling to conceive (N = 250) completed an online survey about the ways that infertility shaped their relationship. Results of a structural equation model indicate that relationship conditions during infertility contribute to polarized reactions to interpersonal events and avoidance of communication about conception and the relationship, which ultimately contribute to perceptions of relational turbulence.

Solidarity in Romantic Relationships

Concepts of solidarity have been ignored in research on dyadic romantic relationships. Our purpose is the development of a theoretical framework to understand solidarity as an overarching element of cooperation in couple relationships. We then propose a measurement of solidarity for quantitative analysis. With data of the German Family Panel, we offer an empirical test by employing dyadic autoregressive-cross-lagged analyses and establish the cause-and-effect relationship between solidarity and relationship satisfaction/perceived fairness of work division. The results of this analysis lend support to our assumption that couples cooperate on a basic rule of solidarity, having a unidirectional influence on relationship quality.