Poster Session 3 and Lunch

  • 1:00 pm To 2:00 pm on July 20, 2019
  • Terrace Room Bramber House

ADHD child: bonding and pathologization in the context of maternal care

The Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has stood out among the identified diagnoses in children. The repercussion of its detrimental effects on the physical, economic and social, not only during childhood but also into adulthood, has generated a demand to understand how children who've been diagnosed are perceived and cared for, more specifically, by their caregivers.This study aimed to understand experiences of children diagnosed with ADHD. The research took place in two Children Psychosocial Attention Centers from Fortaleza/Brazil, in which three cases were identified as ADHD. From these cases, mothers were interviewed through photovoice. The method used to analyze the narratives, generated by the interviews, was the phenomenological hermeneutics of Paul Ricoeur. The narratives mothers showed more emphasis on disease and symptoms to be controlled than on their relationship with their children. In this context, the children were related with their disorder, and the necessary bond to promote healthy relationships, so important for children mental health development, has been hampered by the emphasis on ADHD control.

Caregiving feedback and well-being of Taiwanese married women-- Effects of the collaboration across family boundary

In Taiwan, married women provide care for elderly parents and in-laws. During caregiving, being recognized by others, and deriving a sense of personal reward is important, and may be related to personal wellbeing. For this research, 512 questionnaires were distributed to married women, between 45-64 years old. Regression analyses indicate, the health of married women and the recognition they received from others in terms of caregiving, significantly predicts personal wellbeing (β=.46,p<.001; β=.20,p<.01). Additionally, housework collaboration across family boundary and caregiving feedback (recognition from others/ personal rewards) show interaction effect on personal wellbeingβ=.13,p<.05; β=-.14,p<.05).

Consensual Non-Monogamy Scale: Psychometric Properties and Associations with Related Constructs

Few studies have reported psychometric analyses of scales addressing attitudes and intentions towards consensual non-monogamy (CNM). We developed and validated a CNM scale (N = 428) measuring attitudes and intentions and relationship type of individuals with/without previous CNM behaviors. Scale sensibility and convergent/discriminant validity was also determined.

Dyadic Adult Attachment Style and Dyadic Coping Behaviors among Couples during Pregnancy

This study examined the relationship between dyadic adult attachment and dyadic coping (DC) among couples during pregnancy. A sample of 303 Portuguese couples completed self-report questionnaires of romantic attachment and DC. Most couples (52.5%) were classified as secure/secure. Individuals in insecure/insecure dyads showed the lowest levels of stress communication and DC followed by secure/insecure and secure/secure dyads in order of increasing DC within the relationship. These findings provide insight into the dynamics of DC during mid-pregnancy and emphasize the need to attend to attachment styles in perinatal psychological care in the identification of couples that may benefit from DC-enhancing interventions.

Exploring the communication of sexual consent on television: Differing portrayal effects on adolescent viewers

Adolescence is a key developmental stage during which individuals are socialized in aspects related to intimacy and sexuality (Miller & Moore, 1990), including norms surrounding sexual consent. Media plays an important role in this process (Ward, 2003). In a 2 (participant sex: male vs. female) by 3 (consent cues: verbal consent vs. nonverbal consent vs. control) experiment, this study examines the degree to which different media portrayals of sexual consent influence adolescents’ perceptions and behavioral intentions regarding sexual consent.

Parent-child relationships with and without child ADHD: Daily strains and dysfunction

Child attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can undermine family interactions. The current study investigated daily experiences in mother-child dyads over seven days, using a momentary assessment approach. Results suggest that differences in family experiences between families with children with and without ADHD: parents of the ADHD group reported higher negative affect and less parental competence, and their children reported more conflict at home. Maternal feelings of competence predicts maternal display of negative or positive behavior towards the children. Capturing families’ daily experience in their natural environment provides valuable insights into emotional experiences in the life of families with children with ADHD symptoms.

Role of Parenting Self-Efficacy and Age on Communal Coping in First-Time Parents

Research has found that younger parents experience greater feelings of incompetence than older parents. We argue that because younger parents are more insecure in their parenting abilities, they should show a stronger link between their parenting self-efficacy and communal coping, whereas older parents will show a weaker link because they will exhibit lower variability of parenting self-efficacy and communal coping. We found that younger parents showed a significantly stronger link between expected parenting efficacy during pregnancy and communal coping than older parents. The results demonstrate the importance of educating parents on healthy coping skills in parenting classes and marital therapy.

Supports to aging parents of Taiwanese adult daughters in the child-rearing stage: Effects of filial belief and supports from aging parents

This research aims to investigate the intergenerational exchange behaviors of Chinese adult women in the child rearing stage. It is also our attempt to understand the effects of filial piety as well as supports from parents on the supporting behaviors of adult women to their parents. We include 213 married women living in Taipei metropolitan area in Taiwan. Result shows that the frequency of supporting parents is higher than receiving supports from parents, especially in the financial dimension. Hierarchical regression analyses further indicate that, filial piety and supports from parents both significantly predict adult women’s supports to their parents.

The impact of combining therapeutic work on the romantic and coparenting relationships in a couple intervention for parents: Observing couple’s interactions

This study aimed to investigate the impact of combining therapeutic work on the romantic and coparenting relationships in a couple intervention for parents. Using post-sessions questionnaires, change paths of 20 couples were compared according to their intervention group (Integrative Brief Systemic Intervention or systemic intervention). This comparison was supported by pre-post analysis of couples’ interactions when addressing topics of agreement and disagreement related to their romantic and coparenting relationships. Using results from pre-post analysis allowed to throw light on the possible interpretation of findings from post-session analysis. Together, these analyses helped understanding the impact of couple interventions for parents.

Time heals all wounds? Pilot studies on Japanese university students' perspectives on relationship repair

This presentation integrates two exploratory studies on relationship repair and discusses views of Japanese university students’ perspectives on successful repair. Respondents were instructed to write an imaginary e-mail correspondence to a person to whom they had wished to clarify the fact of a relational trouble in the past. Analyses illustrated that those respondents who wrote imaginary e-mail to their old friends in their junior-high or earlier had optimistic views of relationship repair; this result is consitent with the result of another study based on turning point analysis.

Unsettling motherhood: Revealing the unspoken world of voluntarily childfree women

This qualitative study explored motherhood representations of voluntarily childfree women and the ways in which they negotiated their childfree identity in the context of pronatalist expectations in Turkey. In-depth interviews with 10 women living in Istanbul and Ankara were conducted to gather data. Several findings following thematic analysis showed that respondents have unique as well as common in the experience of current feelings and thoughts of childfreedom, choosing childfreedom, negotiations with the social world, perceptions of motherhood, and future expectations and feelings. Further research into male experience of being childfree is needed.